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Candidiasis: Red and White Manifestations in the Oral Cavity

  • Special Issue: Colors and Textures, a Review of Oral Mucosal Entities
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Head and Neck Pathology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Candidiasis is a very common malady in the head neck region. This review will concentrate on intraoral, pharyngeal and perioral manifestations and treatment. A history of the origins associated with candidiasis will be introduced. In addition, oral conditions associated with candidiasis will be mentioned and considered. The various forms of oral and maxillofacial candidiasis will be reviewed to include pseudomembranous, acute, chronic, median rhomboid glossitis, perioral dermatitis, and angular cheilitis. At the end of this review the clinician will be better able to diagnose and especially treat candidal overgrowth of the oral facial region. Of particular interest to the clinician are the various treatment modalities with appropriate considerations for side effects.

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Correspondence to John W. Hellstein.

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Hellstein, J.W., Marek, C.L. Candidiasis: Red and White Manifestations in the Oral Cavity. Head and Neck Pathol 13, 25–32 (2019).

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