Head and Neck Pathology

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 123–126 | Cite as

Angioleiomyoma (Vascular Leiomyoma) of the Oral Cavity

  • Swati Y. Rawal
  • Yeshwant B. Rawal
Sine qua non Clinicopathologic Correlation


A 70-year-old male presented with a slow growing, dome shaped and painless mass of the hard palate. The mass was excised. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a angioleiomyoma (vascular leiomyoma). A leiomyoma is an uncommon benign tumor of smooth muscle differentiation. True leiomyomas of the oral cavity are rare and most oral tumors are derived from the smooth muscle of walls of blood vessels. Therefore, they are called vascular leiomyomas or angioleiomyomas. Clinically, they may resemble a myriad other conditions both benign and malignant. A definitive diagnosis depends upon histopathological examination of the biopsied tissue in correlation with the tumor cell immunohistochemistry. Tumors are excised and recurrence is rare. The histopathological findings and differential diagnosis of a case of a palatal angioleiomyoma are discussed.


Oral Vascular Leiomyoma Angioleiomyoma Tumor SMA 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest associated with this report.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of DentistryInternational Medical UniversityKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of DentistryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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