Approximately 20% of offenders under community supervision in the United States are currently on parole. While parole board members possess a wide range of discretionary power, the factors influencing this decision-making process have yet to be fully explored. Previous research has generally examined factors that influence time to release on parole or parole disposition (i.e. granted or denied) as the primary discretionary decision outcomes for parole boards. In contrast, few studies have examined the parole revocation process. Using data from the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, the current study addresses this limitation by examining the legal and extralegal factors that influence the decision to revoke parole status. Special attention is given to the role of race/ethnicity in the decision to terminate parole agreements. Findings suggest that race/ethnicity significantly influences parole revocation outcomes.
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United States v Booker (2005) - U.S. Supreme Court decision which essentially made the federal sentencing guidelines advisory.
Missing data represents approximately 6.8% of the total sample.
A test of parallel lines was analyzed to assess whether parameters of all categories were the same. The assumption of parallel lines is violated (p < .05), indicating that multinomial logistic regression is appropriate for the current analysis.
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The author would like to thank Dr. Howard Henderson for facilitating the acquisition of the data, as well as Dr. Travis Franklin for his suggestions for improvement on previous drafts of this manuscript.
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Henry, T.K.S. Revolving Doors: Examining the Effect of Race and Ethnicity on Discretionary Decision-Making in Parole Revocations. Am J Crim Just 46, 279–297 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-020-09560-2