Probation Officers’ Perceptions of Supervising Probationers with Mental Illness in Rural and Urban Settings
- 192 Downloads
As part of a larger study of probation workload and workforce challenges in one southeastern state, this study reports the results from a statewide survey of probation officers’ experiences supervising probationers with mental illness. A total of 615 officers responded to closed- and open-ended questions about the challenges and barriers to supervising offenders with mental illness, and the responses of officers from rural versus urban settings were compared. Officers reported that probationers with mental illness are difficult to supervise and supervision challenges are exacerbated by a scarcity of mental health and substance abuse treatment resources, limited social support, and a lack of employment opportunities for this population of probationers. Officers report unique and similar challenges across rural and urban settings. This study contributes to our understanding of the challenges of supervising probationers with mental illness and informs practice, policy and research at the interface of the criminal justice and mental health systems.
KeywordsProbation Mental illness Barriers Challenges
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This project was supported by funding from the North Carolina Department of Public Safety.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were approved by the university’s institutional review board.
Informed consent was obtained by all participants in this study.
- Ditton, P. M. (1999). Mental health and the treatment of inmates and probationers (NCJ 174463). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved 25 Oct 2016 from https://www.prisonlegalnews.org/media/publications /bojs_mental_health_and_treatment_of_inmates_and_probationers_1999.pdf.
- Epperson, M. W., Canada, K., Thompson, J., & Lurigio, A. (2014). Walking the line: Specialized and standard probation officer perspectives on supervising probationers with serious mental illnesses. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 37, 473–483. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2014.02.020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Glaze, L. E. (2011). Correctional populations in the United States, 2010 (NCJ 236319). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved 25 Oct 2016 from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus10.pdf.
- Glaze, L. E., & Herberman, E. J. (2013). Correctional populations in the United States, 2012 (NCJ 243936). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved 25 Oct 2016 from http://www.antoniocasella.eu/nume/Glaze_BJS_dec2013.pdf.
- Smith, A. J., Thorngren, J., & Christopher, J. C. (2015). Rural mental health counseling. In I. Marini & M. A. Stebnicki (Eds.), The professional counselor's desk reference (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.Google Scholar