Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act: SaVing Lives or SaVing Face?
- 1.2k Downloads
The purpose of this study is to examine colleges’ and universities’ compliance with the criteria presented by the Sexual Assault and Violence Education Act (SaVE). Using a stratified random sample of postsecondary institutions (n = 435), we examined university websites in spring 2015 to determine whether schools were meeting each criterion of the SaVE Act. Additionally, we also examined what types of programs were offered for prevention, the accessibility of the information (by number of separations from universities main website). Lastly, we examined how university resources and programs, as well as institutional and student characteristics, were related to overall compliance and the availability of online information on sexual violence programs that institutions offered. Findings showed that only 11 % of schools within the sample were fully compliant with the requirements of the SaVE Act and on average, each school met ten of the eighteen criteria for compliance. Most resources were available within websites that were three to four separations from the main university page. Student population and region were positively associated with whether any programs on sexual violence programs were offered and schools with women’s centers were more likely to offer program/s on dating/domestic violence. Additionally, ROTC programs and larger student populations were positively associated with compliance, while being located in the south was negatively associated.
KeywordsCampus crime Sexual assault Violence against women Crime prevention Clery Act SaVE Act Title IX
- Abbey, Antonia. (2002). Alcohol-related sexual assault: A common problem among college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. Supplement (14), 118.Google Scholar
- Anney, D. (2013). The Pennsylvania Right-To-Know Law as Applied by Public School Districts: A Mixed Methods Analysis. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH.Google Scholar
- Burke, J. M., & Sloan, J. J. (2013). State-level Clery Act initiatives: Symbolic politics or substantive policy? . In B. S. Fisher & J. J. Sloan (Eds.), Campus crime: Legal, social and policy perspectives (3rd ed.) (pp. 119–133). Springfield: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, LTD.Google Scholar
- Burnett, A., Mattern, J. L., Herakova, L. L., Kahl Jr, D. H., Tobola, C., & Bornsen, S. E. (2009). Communicating/muting date rape: A co-cultural theoretical analysis of communication factors related to rape culture on a college campus. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 37(4), 465–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Carter, S. D., & Kirkland, C. (2013). Campus SaVE Act:. In C. Peoples (Ed.), Best Practices in Emergency Notification: Webinar Series: VTV Family Outreach Program.Google Scholar
- Fisher, B. S., Cullen, F. T., & Turner, M. G. (2000). The Sexual Victimization of College Women. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice and Bureau of Justice Statistics.Google Scholar
- Fisher, B. S., Hartman, J. L., Cullen, F. T., & Turner, M. G. (2002). Making campuses safer for students: The Clery Act as a symbolic legal reform. Stetson L. Rev., 32, 61.Google Scholar
- Fisher, B. S., Daigle, L. E., & Cullen, F. T. (2009). Unsafe in the Ivory Tower: The Sexual Victimization of College Women: The Sexual Victimization of College Women:. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Gidycz, C. A., Rich, C. L., Orchowski, L., King, C., & Miller, A. K. (2006). The evaluation of a sexual assault self-defense and risk-reduction program for college women: A Prospective Study. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30(2), 173–186.Google Scholar
- Gidycz, C. A., Orchowski, L. M., & Berkowitz, A. D. (2011). Preventing sexual aggression among college men: An evaluation of a social norms and bystander intervention program. Violence Against Women, 17(6), 720–742.Google Scholar
- Head, A. J., & Eisenberg, M. B. (2011). How college students use the Web to conduct everyday life research. First Monday, 16(4). Retrieved from http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/3484/2857.
- Kingkade, T. (2014, October 17). Colleges are already screwing up new campus safety law that includes domestic violence. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/17/campus-safety-law_n_6004946.html.
- Krebs, C. P., Lindquist, C. H., Warner, T. D., Fisher, B. S., & Martin, S. L. (2009). College women’s experiences with physically forced, alcohol-or other drug-enabled, and drug-facilitated sexual assault before and since entering college. Journal of American College Health, 57(6), 639–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lipka, S. (2009). In campus-crime reports, there’s little safety in numbers. Chronicle of Higher Education, 55(21), A1.Google Scholar
- Marshall, R. (2014). Will it Really SaVE you? Analyzing the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act. Legislation and Policy Brief, 6(2), 3.Google Scholar
- McCaskill, C. (2014). Sexual violence on campus: How too many institutions of higher education are failing to protect students. Retrieved from http://www.mccaskill.senate.gov/SurveyReportwithAppendix.pdf/.
- McCreedy, K. R., & Dennis, B. G. (1996). Sex-related offenses and fear of crime on campus. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 12(1), 69–80.Google Scholar
- Richardson, T. N. (2014). A legal anaysis of court cases and administrative investigations related to violations of the Clery Act: Getting good from the bad and the ugly. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/etd/2970.
- Schwartz, M. D., & DeKeseredy, W. S. (1997). Sexual assault on the college campus: The role of male peer support. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Sinozich, S., & Langton, L. (2014). Rape and sexual assault victimization among college-age females, 1995–2013. Report NCJ248471). Washington, DC: US Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics.Google Scholar
- Sloan, J. J., & Fisher, B. S. (2014). Campus crime. In G. Bruinsman & D. Weisburd (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (pp. 1–5). New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
- Scarce, M. (1997). Same-sex rape of male college students. Journal of American College Health, 45(4), 171-173.Google Scholar
- Stoeffel, Kat (2014). Why, exactly, are colleges so bad at dealing with rape? New York Magazine, July 14. Retrieved February 21, 2015 from http://nymag.com/thecut/2014/07/why-are-colleges-so-bad-at-dealing-with-rape.html.
- Taylor, R. B., & Gottfredson, S. (1986). Environmental design, crime, and prevention: An examination of community dynamics. Crime and Justice, 387–416.Google Scholar
- Tomsich, E. A., Gover, A. R., & Jennings, W. G. (2011). Examining the role of gender in the prevalence of campus victimization, perceptions of fear and risk of crime, and the use of constrained behaviors among college students attending a large urban university. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 22(2), 181–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yates, M., Moore, D. S., & McCabe, G. P. (1999). The practice of statistics. New York: WH Freeman.Google Scholar
- Yung, C. R. (2015). Concealing campus sexual assault: An empirical examination. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 21(1), 1.Google Scholar