The ability to precisely change the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) bases at specific sites offers tremendous advantages in the field of molecular biology and medical biotechnology. Identification of Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR), revelation of its role in prokaryotic adaptive immunity and subsequent conversion into genome and epigenome engineering system are the landmark research progresses of the decade. The possibilities of deciphering the molecular mechanisms of the disease, identifying the disease targets, generating the disease models, validating the drug targets, developing resistance to the infection and correcting the genotype have brought off much enthusiasm in the field of infectious diseases and genetic disorders. This review focuses on CRISPR/Cas9’s impact in the field of infection and genetic disorders.
Targeted genome engineering/editing Zinc finger nucleases Transcription activator-like effector nucleases Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated systems (Cas9) Infectious diseases and genetic disorders
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SR and ST wrote the manuscript. SR is the guarantor for this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Source of Funding
SR acknowledges Department of Biotechnology for the financial support. ST is supported by SERB (ECR/2015/000570) and Department of biotechnology (BT/PR26901/MED/31/377/2017).
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