The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 8, pp 603–604 | Cite as

Screening Urinalysis in Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease in Children

Editorial Commentary


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest



  1. 1.
    Suthar KS, Vanikar AV, Nigam LA, et al. Urinary screening for early detection of kidney diseases. Indian J Pediatr. 2017;
  2. 2.
    Hogg RJ. Screening for CKD in children: a global controversy. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;4:509–15.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Imai E, Yamagata K, Iseki K, et al. Kidney disease screening program in Japan: history, outcome, and perspectives. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007;2:1360–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Murakami M, Hayakawa M, Yanagihara T, Hukunaga Y. Proteinuria screening for children. Kidney Int Suppl. 2005;67:S23–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kemper KJ, Avner ED. The case against screening urinalyses for asymptomatic bacteriuria in children. Am J Dis Child. 1992;146:343–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Genovesi S, Antolini L, Gallieni M, et al. High prevalence of hypertension in normal and underweight Indian children. J Hypertens. 2011;29:217–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chaudhury AR, Reddy TV, Divyaveer SS, et al. A cross-sectional prospective study of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities, blood pressure, and body mass index in healthy school children. Kidney Int Rep. 2017;2:1169–75.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mueller PW, Caudill SP. Urinary albumin excretion in children: factors related to elevated excretion in the United States population. Ren Fail. 1999;21:293–302.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferris M, Hogan SL, Chin H, et al. Obesity, albuminuria, and urinalysis findings in US young adults from the add health wave III study. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007;2:1207–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sekhar DL, Wang L, Hollenbeak CS, Widome MD, Paul IM. A cost-effectiveness analysis of screening urine dipsticks in well-child care. Pediatrics. 2010;125:660–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dodge W, West EF, Smith EH, Bunce H III. Proteinuria and hematuria in schoolchildren: epidemiology and early natural history. J Pediatr. 1976;88:327–47.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Park JI, Baek H, Kim BR, Jung HH. Comparison of urine dipstick and albumin:creatinine ratio for chronic kidney disease screening: a population-based study. PLoS One. 2017;12:e0171106.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sutton AJ, Breheny K, Deeks J, et al; eGFR-C study group. Methods used in economic evaluations of chronic kidney disease testing: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2015;10:e0140063.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Uchida D, Kawarazaki H, Shibagaki Y, et al. Underestimating chronic kidney disease by urine dipstick without serum creatinine as a screening tool in the general Japanese population. Clin Exp Nephrol. 2015;19:474–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine and Bright Futures Steering Committee. Recommendations for preventive pediatric health care. Pediatrics. 2007;120:1376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Nephrology, Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations