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Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity

Review Article

Abstract

Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle. Family, school and community involvement is important for long term results, so is the involvement of government in developing policies that help create an environment and opportunities for healthy diet and physical activity. Management of childhood obesity is challenging. It involves following a structured weight reduction programme individualized for every child, along with adoption of a healthy diet and life style. Anti-obesity drugs have a limited role in childhood years and are not recommended in younger children. Bariatric surgery is reserved for morbidly obese older adolescents but its long term safety data is limited in this age group.

Keywords

BMI Overweight Bariatric surgery Screen time Exercise Dietary modifications Healthy lifestyle 

Notes

Contributions

AS conceived and designed the manuscript. AD collected the data and drafted the manuscript. AS led the development of the manuscript and has primary responsibility for the final content. Both authors have read and approved the final manuscript. AS will act as guarantor for this paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsMaulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsLady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children’s HospitalNew DelhiIndia

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