Streptococcus pneumoniae-associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
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To the Editor: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in young children and is characterized by triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, and AKI. Diarrhea-associated/typical HUS is the commonest (80-90%) cause of HUS in children (caused by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7) [1, 2]. Though rarely reported from India, Streptococcus pneumoniae-associated HUS is well described from different parts of the world [3, 4, 5].
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