The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 170–171 | Cite as

Bordetella and Bronchiolitis: A Chance Association or More Than That?

  • Kana Ram Jat
  • Samriti Gupta
Editorial Commentary

Acute bronchiolitis is one of the most common causes of acute lower respiratory tract infection in young children with considerable morbidity and rarely, mortality. It is predominantly caused by viruses, most common being respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Recently, Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) had been found in infants with bronchiolitis either in combination with virus/es or in isolation. The effect and implications of this association of B. pertussis and bronchiolitis is not clearly understood. Treatment option will be different if a child with bronchiolitis had B. pertussis infection.

A single centre study by Gökçe et al. from Turkey in this issue reported B. pertussis in 44 (25.6%) patients out of 172 young infants (< 6 mo of age) hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis [1]. Out of 44 cases, 27 (61.4%) had co-infection with other viruses while 17 (38.6%) had B. pertussisas a sole pathogen. Among viruses, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was most common, detected in 88...


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



  1. 1.
    Gökçe S, Kurugöl Z, Aydemir SŞ, Çiçek C, Aslan A, Koturoğlu G. Bordetella pertussis infection in hospitalized infants with acute bronchiolitis. Indian J Pediatr. 2017;
  2. 2.
    Nuolivirta K, Koponen P, He Q, et al. Bordetella pertussis infection is common in nonvaccinated infants admitted for bronchiolitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010;29:1013–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Piedra PA, Mansbach JM, Jewell AM, et al. Bordetella pertussis is an uncommon pathogen in children hospitalized with bronchiolitis during the winter season. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015;34:566–70.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cosnes-Lambe C, Raymond J, Chalumeau M, et al. Pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus infections. Eur J Pediatr. 2008;167:1017–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Korppi M, Hiltunen J. Pertussis is common in nonvaccinated infants hospitalized for respiratory syncytial virus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26:316–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Raya AB, Bamberger E, Kassis I, Kugelman A, Srugo I, Miron D. Bordetella pertussis infection attenuates clinical course of acute bronchiolitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32:619–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nicolai A, Nenna R, Stefanelli P, et al. Bordetella pertussis in infants hospitalized for acute respiratory symptoms remains a concern. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:526.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations