Oxidative Stress, Antioxidant Status and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Neonates Born to Pre-eclamptic Mothers
To measure the oxidative stress and antioxidant status in preeclamptic mother-newborn dyads and correlate them with neurodevelopmental outcome at one year of corrected age.
This cohort study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, south India included 71 preeclamptic and 72 normal mother-newborn dyads. Biochemical parameters including total antioxidant status (TAS), protein carbonyls and malondialdehyde levels (MDA) were measured in both maternal and cord blood. Infants in both the groups were followed up to one year of corrected age and neurodevelopmental assessment was done using Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants (DASII). Correlation and multivariate regression analysis was done to evaluate the oxidative stress markers in relation to neurodevelopmental outcome.
All oxidative stress markers were higher in maternal and cord blood of pre-ecclampsia group compared to the normal group. Maternal Total antioxidant status (M-TAS) was lower in pre-eclampsia group than normal group. More neonates in the pre-ecclampsia group were preterm and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and had higher incidence of morbidities like respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and early onset sepsis (EOS). Infants in the preeclampsia group had lower motor age, motor score and motor developmental quotient (MoDQ). On multivariate logistic regression analyses, lower M-TAS levels were strongly associated with poor neuro-motor outcomes at 1 y of corrected age. Maternal TAS with a cut-off value of 0.965 mmol/L had a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 55.3% in predicting MoDQ <70 at one year corrected age in infants born to preeclamptic mothers.
Oxidative stress is increased in preeclamptic mother-newborn dyads. Low maternal TAS levels are associated with poor neuro-motor outcomes. Maternal TAS in preeclampsia is useful in predicting poor motor development at one year corrected age.
KeywordsOxidative stress Total antioxidant status (TAS) Preeclampsia Developmental outcome
SKB collected and analysed the data; BVB designed and supervised the study; VV helped with lab investigations; BA edited the manuscript; ZB supervised the lab investigations; SH involved in clinical care of mothers. BVB will act as guarantor for this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Source of Funding
JIPMER Intramural Research Fund.
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