The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 4, pp 257–260 | Cite as

Thoracoscopic Management of Blebs: Resection With/Out Primary Pleurodesis

  • Karina Miura da Costa
  • Amulya Kumar Saxena
Original Article



To review the literature for justification of thoracoscopic management of blebs in children.


PubMed database was reviewed for articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish using the key words “thoracoscopy”, “bleb” and “child”. Data was collected for age, gender, type of surgery performed, operating time, conversions, complications, recurrences, follow-up and mortality.


Eleven studies with total 266 patients were included (27 bilateral cases; n = 293 surgeries). Median age was 15.7 y (range 11–18 y), 225 were male (87.9%) and 31 were female (12.1%) patients. Endo GIA™ was used in 10 cases, Endoloop® in 11 surgeries, unspecified stapler devices in 150 procedures and, in 122 surgeries, instruments were not mentioned. Pleurodesis was performed in 213 (72.7%) cases. There were 5 (1.7%) conversions (adhesions n = 3, bleeding n = 1, camera failure n = 1). Complications were documented in 8 (2.7%): pneumothorax after chest tube removal 4 (drain reinsertion n = 3, reoperation n = 1); prolonged air leak 3, all submitted to che pleurodesis; bleeding requiring reoperation 1. Recurrence occurred in 25 (8.5%): 10 re-operation, 7 conservative management, 2 chemical pleurodesis, 2 chest tube reinsertions and in 4 the management was not specified. The median follow-up was 46.1 mo (range 3 mo-11 y). There were no lethal outcomes.


Although data is scarce on specific instruments used, pleurodesis is performed in 70% of cases. Irrespective of this, thoracoscopic resection of blebs can be safely offered as it has a low complication and conversion rates and no mortality.


Bleb Child Thoracoscopy Pleurodesis 



KMC: acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data; drafting the article; final approval of the version to be published. AKS: concept and design, analysis and interpretation of data; revising the article critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; and will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children’s Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation TrustImperial CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Ribeirão Preto Medical SchoolUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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