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Cerebral Palsy: An Overview

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormalities of muscle tone, movement and motor skills, and is attributed to injury to the developing brain. The clinical features of this entity evolve over time and the specific CP syndrome may be recognizable only after 3–5 y of age; although suggestive signs and symptoms may be present at an earlier age. The management involves neurological rehabilitation (addressing muscle tonal abnormalities, and devising physical and occupational therapies) and diagnosis and management of co-morbidities (including epilepsy, impairment of cognition, vision, hearing, and disturbances of growth and gastrointestinal function). The management, therefore, is multidisciplinary involving the treating physician working with a team of rehabilitation-, orthopedic-, psychologic-, and social care- providers.

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Both the authors were involved in literature review and preparing of manuscript. SG will act as guarantor for this paper.

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Correspondence to Sheffali Gulati.

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Gulati, S., Sondhi, V. Cerebral Palsy: An Overview. Indian J Pediatr 85, 1006–1016 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-017-2475-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-017-2475-1

Keywords

  • Spasticity
  • Birth asphyxia
  • Prematurity
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Rehabilitation