The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 12, pp 908–914 | Cite as

Association between Anthropometric Indices, Body Composition and Bone Parameters in Thai Female Adolescents

Original Article



To investigate correlations between anthropometrics and body composition with bone parameters of the whole-body and lumbar spine in non-obese and obese Thai female adolescents.


This study was performed in 135 female adolescents aged 15 to 18 y enrolled in secondary schools in southern Thailand. Subjects were grouped into non-obesity (underweight and normal-to-overweight) (BMI < 25) and obesity (BMI ≥ 25) groups. Anthropometric indices for obesity [body weight (BW), waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI)] were recorded. Bone parameters (BMC, BMD, and Z-scores) of the whole-body and lumbar spine (L1-L4) and body composition (LBM, BFM, %fat, %lean, and %bone) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Correlations between anthropometrics, body composition, and bone parameters were evaluated and compared between subject groups.


The obesity group had significantly higher means of whole-body BMD, BMC and Z-score than non-obese group (p < 0.05). BMI and BW were positively associated with BFM and %fat (p < 0.05) for non-obese subjects. Obese subjects had greater lumbar spine BMC compared to non-obese subjects. BFM was correlated with whole-body BMC in obese group. BW was a positive determinant of BMC at both sites in all subject groups, particularly for obese subjects; BW had positive associations with all bone parameters at the lumbar spine.


BW can be used as a determinant of all bone parameters at lumbar spine, and BFM had a positive effect on whole-body BMC in Thai obese female adolescent subjects.


Body weight Body mass index Bone mineral content Lumbar spine Adolescent girls 



Body fat mass


Bone mineral content


Bone mineral density


Body mass index


Body weight


Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry


Fat-free mass


Lean body mass


Waist circumference


Bone percentage


Body fat percentage


Lean percentage



The authors would like to sincerely thank all the participants for their cooperation and also wish to deeply thank teachers and staff of secondary schools for their help and collaboration. They thank Mrs. Hannah Collins for copy-editing the manuscript.


RK carried out design of the project, and was responsible for acquisition, analysis and data interpretation. She drafted and critically revised the manuscript. CP participated in analysis and data interpretation, drafted and critically revised the manuscript. Both the authors approved the final version of the manuscript. Assoc Prof. Wibool Ridthitid, Faculty of Medicine, Siam University, Bangkok, Thailand and Asst Prof Phanchai Rattanasuwan, School of Medicine, Walailak University, Thailand will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest



The Institute of Research and Development, Walailak University, Thailand under the contract no. WU56108.


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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MedicineWalailak UniversityNakhon Si ThammaratThailand

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