The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 12, pp 945–952 | Cite as

Management of Extraocular Infections

  • Srinivasan Muthiah
  • Naveen Radhakrishnan
Review Article


Extraocular infection is a frequently encountered problem in children including neonates and infants. Prompt recognition of the extraocular disease and management at first contact reduces the ocular morbidity and visual impairment. Delay in administering appropriate therapy and referral to an eye care personnel may result in blindness; sometimes bilateral, due to severe ophthalmia neonatorum. This review is mainly aimed at offering basic, brief information about common extraocular infections prevalent among infants and children living in developing countries as a ready reference to practising pediatricians and neonatologists. Through this review, the pediatricians, as the first contact may feel confident and comfortable in managing ocular infection in pediatric population particularly living in remote rural and tribal region. Literature search was made by retrieving related publications through peer reviewed journals, PUBMED and Cochrane meta-analysis.


Ophthalmia neonatorum Conjunctivitis Keratitis Trachoma Orbital cellulitis 



SM and NR: Conception and design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the manuscript, final approval of the manuscript version. SM will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cornea & Refractive ServicesAravind Eye Hospital & PG Institute of OphthalmologyMaduraiIndia

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