The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 12, pp 930–936 | Cite as

An Update on Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Review Article


Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a proliferative retinal vascular disease affecting the retina of premature infants. The clinical spectrum of ROP varies from spontaneous regression to bilateral retinal detachment and total blindness. Between these two extremes lies the form of ROP, which is amenable to treatment with laser photocoagulation, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs or surgery. Increasing rates of preterm births coupled with better survival rates but lack of uniform quality of neonatal care and delays in diagnosis have led to increasing ROP blindness. Atypical forms of Aggressive Posterior ROP are seen in heavier birth weight babies in developing countries. Prevention of ROP by following stringent protocols for supplemental oxygen, prevention of sepsis, timely screening and laser treatment by a concerted and collaborative effort of neonatologists and ophthalmologists are required to fight the blindness from ROP.


Retinopathy of prematurity Laser photocoagulation Preterm Screening Prevention Neonatologist Review 



MRD was involved in the conception, design of the work; critical revision, accuracy and integrity of data as well as final approval of the manuscript. DK and MD were involved in acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, literature review for the work as well as drafting of the manuscript. MRD will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mangat Ram Dogra
    • 1
  • Deeksha Katoch
    • 1
  • Mohit Dogra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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