The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 202–206 | Cite as

Dental Caries: A Disease Which Needs Attention

  • Vijay Prakash Mathur
  • Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Review Article


Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother’s feed during night. The ECC spreads very fast and can cause severe pain, abscess, swelling, fever and psychological disturbances in children. The treatment of ECC requires multiple appointments and still the prognosis is not very promising in mutilated dentitions. A physician or pediatrician can easily identify early caries and habits of parents leading to caries and can counsel them for prevention and refer them to the specialist. Good oral hygiene, dietary modification with respect to use of sugar and sticky food and healthy diet can help in preventing this disease in children. The need of the time is to appraise all on the methods of dental caries prevention.


Dental caries Oral health Oral hygiene Early childhood caries 



The authors would like to thank Drs Vartika Kathuria, Gauri Kalra, Arpit Gupta and Rajath S Pillai for helping in proof reading and valuable feedback in the manuscript.


VPM and JKD equally contributed to concept, manuscript preparation, editing and finalization. VPM will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Centre for Dental Education and Research (CDER)All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Pedodontics and Preventive DentistryMaulana Azad Institute of Dental SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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