The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 8, pp 636–642 | Cite as

Controversy of Single versus Staged Management of Anorectal Malformations

Review Article


Anorectal malformations’ (ARMs) management has taken strides over the past few decades. The advent of Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) and its acceptance by most people across the globe as standard procedure has given way to a debate of single vs. three-staged repair. After initial hesitancy and lot of skepticism, single-staged repair has very well established its role because of its advantages over the staged procedure. There is enough evidence which suggests that single-staged repair has got equally good outcome as that of staged repair (if not better). Further, one-staged repair offers advantages of lesser morbidity, lesser cost, and lesser burden to the family. The initially thought disadvantages of higher chances of injuries, wound infection and stress to neonates have been countered by growing evidences. The authors agree that staged procedure will continue to stay around for few specific indications like perforation peritonitis, extreme prematurity and special anatomical entities. Further, it can have more important role with advent of laparoscopy and better health infrastructure in future. But with new developments in imaging, scopes and neonatal care, single-staged repair is a feasible and safe modality for treatment of these anomalies.


Anorectal malformation Primary PSARP Staged repair PSARP 



Both authors have equally contributed in writing the manuscript. ANG will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest


Source of Funding



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery, Institute of Medical SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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