The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 10, pp 739–744 | Cite as

Flavored Anesthetic Masks for Inhalational Induction in Children

  • Aakriti Gupta
  • Preethy Joseph Mathew
  • Neerja Bhardwaj
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the clinical efficacy of masking the odor of inhalational agents using fruit flavors on the anxiety behavior and compliance of children for inhalational induction.

Methods

A prospective randomized double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted on 60 unpremedicated children in the age group of 4–12 y. Thirty children received anesthetic masks smeared with a flavor of child’s choice while the other 30 children were induced using masks without flavor. Anxiety was assessed using modified Yale Pre-operative Anxiety Scale (mYPAS) in the pre-op room and during inhalational induction. Mask acceptance was graded by Induction Compliance Checklist (ICC). The cost-effectiveness of flavored anesthetic masks was compared to that of commercially available pre-scented masks.

Results

The baseline anxiety in the two groups was comparable. The number of children demonstrating high levels of anxiety at anesthetic induction was similar in flavored and non-flavored mask groups (p 0.45). The compliance to mask induction was also equally good (p 0.99). The authors found significant difference in the cost of flavored mask (INR 56.45 per mask) as compared to commercially available pre-scented masks (INR 660 per mask).

Conclusions

The authors observed a placebo effect that reduced the pre-op anxiety in the control group which probably made the quality of induction equivalent with flavored and non-flavored masks. Therefore, using a flavored anesthetic mask is cost-effective than using a commercially available pre-scented mask.

Keywords

Anesthetic induction Inhalational anesthesia Pediatric anesthesia Anesthetic mask Scented mask Flavored anesthetic mask 

Supplementary material

12098_2017_2368_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
(DOCX 18.7 kb)

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aakriti Gupta
    • 1
  • Preethy Joseph Mathew
    • 1
  • Neerja Bhardwaj
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CarePostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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