Skip to main content

Common Childhood Poisonings and Their Outcome in a Tertiary Care Center in Delhi

Abstract

Clinical profile of children presenting with poisoning to the Pediatric emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi from 8.1.2009 to 8.10.09 was studied prospectively. Fifty two cases of accidental poisoning were reported during this period which formed 1.05 % of all pediatric admissions (5094 admissions). No case of homicidal poisoning was reported. There were 80.7 % children between 1–5 y of age with male preponderance. PICA was observed in 57.7 % children. Overall mortality was 7.7 % and 11.3 % children required pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Kerosene oil poisoning remained the commonest accidental poisoning in this study. An interesting trend was concentrated HCL poisoning (now a common household product) as the second commonest poisoning (17.3 %). This was followed by poisoning with various drugs used by adults in the house.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Singh S, Singhi S, Sood NK, Kumar L, Walia BNS. Changing pattern of childhood poisoning (1970–1989): experience of a large north Indian hospital. Indian Pediatr. 1995;32:331–6.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Dutta AK, Seth A, Goyal PK, et al. Poisoning in children: Indian scenario. Indian J Pediatr. 1998;65:365–70.

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Gupta S, Govil YC, Misra PK, Nath R, Srivastava KL. Trends in poisoning in children: experience at a large referral teaching hospital. Natl Med J India. 1998;11:166–8.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Chowdhury AN, Banerjee S, Brahma A, Biswas M. K. A study on mortality and morbidity pattern of acute childhood poisoning cases admitted in block primary health centres of Sundarban, West Bengal. Indian J Public Health. 2008;52:40–2.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Basu K, Mondal RK, Banerjee DP. Epidemiological aspects of acute childhood poisoning among patients attending a hospital at Kolkata. Indian J Public Health. 2005;49:25–6.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Gupta SK, Peshin SS, Srivastava A, Kaleekal T. A study of childhood poisoning at national poisons information center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. J Occup Health. 2003;45:191–6.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kohli U, Kuttiat VS, Lodha R, Kabra SK. Profile of childhood poisoning at a tertiary care centre in North India. Indian J Pediatr. 2008;75:791–4.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Shotar AM. Kerosene poisoning in childhood: a 6-y prospective study at the Princess Rahmat Teaching Hospital. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2005;26:835–8.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Conflict of Interests

None.

Role of Funding Source

None.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Urmila Jhamb.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

brata Ghosh, V., Jhamb, U., Singhal, R. et al. Common Childhood Poisonings and Their Outcome in a Tertiary Care Center in Delhi. Indian J Pediatr 80, 516–518 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-012-0879-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-012-0879-5

Keywords

  • Accidental
  • Poisoning
  • Childhood
  • PICA