The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 80, Supplement 1, pp 109–114 | Cite as

Fatty Liver Disease in Children—What Should One Do?

  • Kristin S. Bramlage
  • Vivek Bansal
  • Stavra A. Xanthakos
  • Rohit Kohli
Symposium on Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases and Children


The world’s population is increasingly overweight and obese. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) as of 2010, 43 million children under the age of five were overweight. Once considered to be limited to developed countries, overweight and obese children are now found in low- and middle-income countries, though most commonly in urban areas. Furthermore the WHO now cites the conditions of overweight and obesity as being associated with more deaths around the globe than those associated with being underweight. With this increased prevalence of overweight and obese children has come a host of other medical problems including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This review will focus on NAFLD and NASH, their definitions, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. The authors will also discuss NAFLD in the Indian subcontinent, and the future of NAFLD and NASH.


Obesity Pediatric Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Nutrition 


Conflict of Interest


Role of Funding Source

NIH 3K08DK084310 (Salary support to RK); NIH 5T32DK007727 (Salary support to KSB); NIH 5K23DK080888 (salary support to SAX).


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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin S. Bramlage
    • 1
  • Vivek Bansal
    • 2
  • Stavra A. Xanthakos
    • 1
  • Rohit Kohli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineWoodlands Hospital, National Health GroupWoodlands New TownSingapore

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