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Fainting Attacks in Children

Abstract

Fainting attack or syncope in children is a common occurrence, with vasovagal syncope being the commonest cause for majority of pediatric syncope. The aim of emergency room evaluation is not to miss the rare serious underlying disorder causing syncope. A complete detailed history of the event followed by physical examination helps in categorising syncope into the three major categories—neurally mediated, cardiovascular and non cardiovascular syncope. Investigations will remain normal in majority of the cases. A 12-lead ECG and standing test should be done in all the cases which helps in establishing the cause for syncope. Management varies depending upon the cause and majority of them do not require hospital admission.

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Correspondence to Sunit C. Singhi.

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Naranje, K.M., Bansal, A. & Singhi, S.C. Fainting Attacks in Children. Indian J Pediatr 79, 362–366 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-011-0497-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-011-0497-7

Keywords

  • Syncope
  • Standing test
  • Head up tilt test
  • Vasovagal syncope