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Menstrual Disorders and Menstrual Hygiene Practices in Higher Secondary School Girls

Abstract

Objective

To study the menstrual problems and menstrual hygiene practices of adolescent girls in Thiruvananthapuram City Corporation.

Methods

Students of class XI and XII in the age group 15–19 years, belonging to ten Higher Secondary Schools within the Thiruvananthapuram City Corporation area were selected for the study by multistage sampling procedure and screened using a pretested self evaluation questionnaire.

Results

Menstrual disorders were reported in 21.1%. The most frequently reported problem during menstruation was dysmenorrhoea (72.4%) followed by oligomenorrhoea (11.3%). Only 11.5% of the girls who had menstrual problems sought treatment and majority from a gynecologist. Out of 81.5% girls who reported vaginal discharge, only 5.7% had abnormal discharge. Menstrual hygiene was adequate in the majority of girls.

Conclusions

Menstrual disorders are common in adolescence and can have significant consequences on future reproductive health.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the cooperation and support received from Indian Clinical Epidemiology Network (IndiaCLEN), Parents, Principal and Teachers of the participating schools and staff of Child Development Centre, Kerala, specially Dr. G. Suresh Kumar, Registrar; Mr. Binu T, Office Assistant, Mr. Asokan, PA to Director, Suja S, Junior Programmer, CDC; Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, in conduction of this study.

Conflict of Interest

None.

Role of Funding Source

Indian Clinical Epidemiology Network (IndiaCLEN).

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Correspondence to M. K. C. Nair.

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Nair, M.K.C., Chacko, D.S., Ranjith Darwin, M. et al. Menstrual Disorders and Menstrual Hygiene Practices in Higher Secondary School Girls. Indian J Pediatr 79, 74–78 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-011-0431-z

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Dysmenorrhoea
  • Menstrual disorders
  • Oligomenorrhoea
  • School