Early Childhood Caries (ECC): An infectious transmissible oral disease

  • Hamid Reza PoureslamiEmail author
  • Willem Evert Van Amerongen
Special Article


Dental caries in babies and toddlers is called Early Childhood Caries (ECC). It is an infectious and transmissible die-to-bacterial disease. Detailed knowledge regarding the acquisition and transmission of infectious agents facilitates a more comprehensive approach toward prevention. Mutans streptococci are important organisms in the initiation and progression of dental caries. Recent evidence demonstrates that these bacteria are found in the mouths of pre-dentate infants and are acquired via vertical and/or horizontal transmission from human reservoirs. This information should facilitate the focusing of clinical interventions that prevent or delay infant infection, thereby reducing the prevalence of dental caries (ECC) in babies and toddlers.

Key words

Early childhood caries Mutans streptococci Dental caries Fluoride Chlorhexidine 


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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Reza Poureslami
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Willem Evert Van Amerongen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Medical Sciences KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric DentistryAcademic Centre for Dentistry AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Kerman Oral and Dental Disease Research CentreDental SchoolKermanIran

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