Clinical and Translational Oncology

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 584–590 | Cite as

Outcome of childhood leukaemia survivors and necrosis of the femoral head treated with autologous mesenchymal stem cells

  • T. de Rojas
  • S. Martínez-Álvarez
  • S. Lerma-Lara
  • M. Á. Díaz
  • L. Madero
  • M. RamírezEmail author
Research Article



Corticoid-induced osteonecrosis (ON) of femoral head can lead to severe hip joint impairment and hip replacement, with negative impact in young survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) with long life expectancy. We aim to improve quality of life in these patients with a novel approach.


Based on the regenerative capacities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), we performed locally implanted autologous cell therapy in two adolescents suffering of bilateral femoral ON. This required a simple, minimally invasive surgical procedure.


Both patients experienced significant pain relief and restoration of gait kinematic values. Radiographic evaluation showed cessation of hip collapse. No toxicities/complications were observed after a 4-year follow-up.


Our preliminary results suggest that autologous MSCs can be considered as a novel treatment for children and young adults with ON after overcoming ALL. It may avoid hip replacement and improve quality of life of leukaemia survivors.


Osteonecrosis Necrosis of the femoral head Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Children Mesenchymal stem cells Cell therapy 



This work was supported by a grant from the Madrid Regional Government (P2010/BMD-2420, CellCAM) to MR.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments and comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paediatric Oncology Hematology and Stem Cell TransplantUniversity Hospital Niño JesúsMadridSpain
  2. 2.Orthopedics and Traumatology DepartmentUniversity Hospital Niño JesúsMadridSpain
  3. 3.Gait Analysis LaboratoryUniversity Hospital Niño JesúsMadridSpain
  4. 4.Research Institute La PrincesaMadridSpain

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