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Assessment of the Role of Wastewater Treatment Plant in Spread of Antibiotic Resistance and Bacterial Pathogens

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Abstract

In current study, we performed a comparative study on bacterial load, total coliform counts and type of organisms present in pre- and post-treated wastewater samples from municipal wastewater treatment plant of Pune, India. In addition, we also studied the antibiotic resistance profiling and role of the selected treatment plant in spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment. Data showed that total 30 different bacterial species from 18-different genera were present in untreated wastewater while only 9 species from 6-different genera were present in post-treated effluent. Furthermore, pre-treated wastewater sample contains wide range of organisms with high levels of antibiotic resistance while bacterial load reduced drastically and pathogens were absent from post-treated effluent.

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Acknowledgements

We are thankful to the managing authority of Wastewater Treatment Plant, Dapodi, Pune for permitting and supporting in sampling processes. This work is supported from Grant (BT/PR13969/BCE/8/1142/2015) and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) Govt. of India Grant No. BT/Coord.II/01/03/2016.

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Nimonkar, Y.S., Yadav, B., Talreja, P. et al. Assessment of the Role of Wastewater Treatment Plant in Spread of Antibiotic Resistance and Bacterial Pathogens. Indian J Microbiol 59, 261–265 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-019-00793-2

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