Indian Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 127–137 | Cite as

Wastewater: A Potential Bioenergy Resource

  • Jyotsana Prakash
  • Rakesh Sharma
  • Subhasree Ray
  • Shikha Koul
  • Vipin Chandra Kalia
Review Article


Wastewaters are a rich source of nutrients for microorganisms. However, if left unattended the biodegradation may lead to severe environmental hazards. The wastewaters can thus be utilized for the production of various value added products including bioenergy (H2 and CH4). A number of studies have reported utilization of various wastewaters for energy production. Depending on the nature of the wastewater, different reactor configurations, wastewater and inoculum pretreatments, co-substrate utilizations along with other process parameters have been studied for efficient product formation. Only a few studies have reported sequential utilization of wastewaters for H2 and CH4 production despite its huge potential for complete waste degradation.


Bioenergy Biohydrogen Biomethane Nanoparticles Wastewater 



We are thankful to the Director of CSIR- Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB), and CSIR-HRD (ES Scheme No. 21(1022)/16/EMR-II) for providing the necessary funds, facilities and moral support. Authors are also thankful to Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), New Delhi and JP is also thankful to University Grants Commission (UGC).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest declared.


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Copyright information

© Association of Microbiologists of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microbial Biotechnology and GenomicsCSIR – Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)New DelhiIndia

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