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Blockchain-based solution for Secure and Transparent Food Supply Chain Network

Abstract

The global food supply chain industry has embraced digitalization and has changed consumer’s day-to-day lives in many aspects. Efficient tracking of food products when within the supply chain ensures the safety of the end consumers. However, today’s food supply chain industry falls short of providing dependable tracing of food products due to a lack of visibility and transparency in tracking the food production, processing, distribution, transportation, and movement when with the supply chain, which poses a serious threat to the quality of processed food and the safety of consumers. In this paper, we propose a blockchain and IoT-based framework to regulate and monitor the processed poultry food supply chain industry’s functioning and improves the safety and quality of food products delivered to end-consumer. Our proposed solution utilizes Ethereum smart contracts to develop a transparent, reliable, and tamper-proof food supply chain framework, and ensure the integrity of supply chain transactions by eliminating a central authority. The smart contract regulates and monitors the transactions between the entities in the network and keeps all of the parties, within the network, well informed about transactions. This proposed aims to identify and eliminate food adulteration and contamination; enhance quality and safety in the food industry’s supply chain, improve the transparency of transactions, and legal culpability, which ultimately has a positive impact on consumer trust and the overall brand value.

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Notes

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    Code available in appendix & MUST refer to smart contract code in appendix document.

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Correspondence to Nishara Nizamuddin.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection: Special Issue on Blockchain for Peer-to-Peer Computing

Guest Editors: Keping Yu, Chunming Rong, Yang Cao, and Wenjuan Li

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Majdalawieh, M., Nizamuddin, N., Alaraj, M. et al. Blockchain-based solution for Secure and Transparent Food Supply Chain Network. Peer-to-Peer Netw. Appl. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12083-021-01196-1

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Keywords

  • Food supply chain
  • Food security
  • Blockchain
  • IoT sensors
  • Smart contracts
  • Ethereum