This article discusses the influence of integration policies on tourism industry convergence in the Yangtze River Delta based on data from 2011 to 2018. The spatial econometric test indicates that tourism industry development had a positive spatial spillover effect and a strong self-reinforcing effect. The tourism industry demonstrated significant characteristics of \(\beta\) convergence and club convergence. The nonlinear time-varying factor model logt test shows that Shanghai and some important tourism cities were in high level convergence clubs, whereas most cities of Anhui Province were in the bottom of the club. The influence mechanism test based on the intermediary effect shows that the integration policies issued by the Yangtze River Delta City Economic Coordination Conference and the Yangtze River Delta Tourism Cooperation Joint Meeting could promote the tourism industry convergence by improving government administrative efficiency, optimizing public resource redistribution, and increasing market potential. The effect of the policies depended on the size of city.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abbott, A., Vita, G.D., Altinay, L.: Revisiting the convergence hypothesis for tourism markets: evidence from Turkey using the pairwise approach. Tour. Manag. 33(3), 537–544 (2012)
Andraz, J.M., Norte, N.M., Gonçalves, H.S.: Effects of tourism on regional asymmetries: empirical evidence for Portugal. Tour. Manag. 50, 257–267 (2015)
Ari, I.R.D., Sari, K.E., Wicaksono, A., et al.: Structural model of formation factors of tourism policy in Nganjuk Regency: tourists’ perspectives. In: McLellan B. (ed.) Sustainable Future for Human Security, Springer, Singapore (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5433-4_7
Baldassin, L., Gallo, M., Mattevi, E.: Tourism in European cities: price competitiveness of hotels in towns of artistic interest. Tour. Econ. Bus. Finance Tour. Recreat. 23(1), 3–28 (2017)
Boldrin, M., Canova, F.: Regional Economic Convergence: Is European Regional Policy Worth Keeping? Regionalism in Europe. Springer, New York (2001a)
Boldrin, M., Canova, F.: Inequality and convergence in Europe’s regions: reconsidering European regional policies. Econ. Policy 16(32), 205–253 (2001b)
Butnaru, G.I., Valentin, N.: European Union and Romanian tourism—ß and σ convergence in the economic development regions of Romania. Amfiteatru Econ. 18(42), 369–384 (2016)
Dawid, H., Harting, P., Neugart, M.: Spatial labor market frictions and economic convergence: policy implications from a heterogeneous agent model (Bielefeld Working Papers in Economics and Management No. 09-2013). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2246704 (2013)
Deng, J., Xiao, X.: Financial support strategy for high-quality development of high-tech industry. Res. Econ. Manag. 40(11), 96–111 (2019)
Elhorst, J.P.: Spatial Econometrics: From Cross-sectional Data to Spatial Panels. Springer, New York (2014)
Estol, J., Camilleri, M.A., Font, X.: European Union tourism policy: an institutional theory critical discourse analysis. Tour. Rev. 73(3), 1–17 (2018)
Hanson, G.H.: Market potential, increasing returns and geographic concentration. J. Int. Econ. 67(1), 1–24 (2005)
Harris, C.: The market as a factor on the localization of industry in the United States. Ann. Am. Assoc. Geogr. 64, 315–348 (1954)
Hering, L., Poncet, S.: Market access and individual wages: evidence from China. Rev. Econ. Stat. 92(1), 145–159 (2010)
Lai, Y., He, X.: Research on China’s regional financial inclusion level club convergence—empirical analysis based on the nonlinear time-varying factor model. West Forum 27(04), 59–65 (2017)
Lall, S.V., Yilmaz, S.: Regional economic convergence: do policy instruments make a difference? Ann. Reg. Sci. 35(1), 153–166 (2001)
Li, Z., Wang, X.: Development strategies of leisure agriculture and rural tourism of Henan province based on industry convergence. Ecol. Economy 15(04), 289–295 (2019)
Lin, R., et al.: Heterogeneous convergence of regional house prices and macro-control policy in China. J. Manag. Sci. China 19(11), 63-73+102 (2016)
Liu, H.: Mechanism, path and practice of the convergence development of tourism industry in the context of economic transformation. Anthropologist 29(2–3), 119–128 (2017)
Maloney, W.F.: Industrial policy, information, and government capacity. Policy Research Working Paper (number), pp. 1–31 (2017)
Margaritis, D., Färe, R., Grosskopf, S.: Productivity, convergence and policy: a study of OECD countries and industries. J. Prod. Anal. 28(1–2), 87–105 (2007)
Mérida, A.L., Carmona, M., Congregado, E., et al.: Exploring the regional distribution of tourism and the extent to which there is convergence. Tour. Manag. 57, 225–233 (2016)
Mosley, P.: Globalization, economic policy and convergence. World Economy 23(5), 613–634 (2000)
Narayan, P.K.: Testing convergence of Fiji’s tourism markets. Pac. Econ. Rev. 12(5), 651–663 (2007)
Nielsen, H.: Productive efficiency in the iron and steel sector under state planning: the case of China and former Czechoslovakia in a comparative perspective. Appl. Energy 185, 1732–1743 (2017)
Qi, H., Faisal, A., Ka, X.: Negotiating the impacts of policy interventions among tourism organizations: adaptation and sensemaking. J. Hosp. Tour. Manag. 47, 476–484 (2021)
Ramajo, J., Hewings, G.J.D.: Modeling regional productive performance using a spatial stochastic frontier approach: new evidence for Europe (1995–2007). Reg. Stud. 52(10), (2018). https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2017.1390219
Rui, L., Shi, P., Nie, X., et al.: The mechanism on cluster development of the industrial parks of the Hexi corridor based on the grounded theory. Sci. Geogr. Sin. 37(5), 718–727 (2017)
Santa, E.D.D.: Power and politics in tourism policy and planning in the Philippines. In: Wang Y., Shakeela A., Kwek A., Khoo-Lattimore C. (eds.) Managing Asian Destinations. Perspectives on Asian Tourism. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8426-3_2
Sharma, C.: Testing the asymmetric effects of the economic policy uncertainty on the tourism demand in India. Tour. Econ. 27(4), 867–873 (2021)
Stokke, K.B., Haukeland, J.V.: Balancing tourism development and nature protection across national park borders—a case study of a coastal protected area in Norway. J. Environ. Plan. Manag. 61(12), 2151–2165 (2018)
Sul, P.D.: Transition modeling and econometric convergence tests. Econometrica 75(6), 1771–1855 (2007)
Sun, Y., et al.: How to narrow the industrial competitiveness gap among “Belt and Road” countries: convergence test and influencing factor analysis based on CIP data. J. Shandong Univ. Finance Econ. 32(01), 73–86 (2020)
Tang, R.: Research on the influence mechanism of integration policy on the convergence of tourism industry: take the policies issued by the Yangtze River Delta Urban Economic Coordination Committee as an example. Ind. Econ. Res. 01, 113–127 (2021)
Tiwari, K.A.: Whether tourist arrivals in India convergent? Ann. Tour. Res. 61, 252–255 (2016)
Xu, J.: How does the Internet affect the upgrading of industrial structure? A natural experiment study based on the commercial use of the Internet. Stat. Res. 12, 55–67 (2019)
Yağci, M., Ardiani, N.: National development planning, industrial policy, and sustainable growth challenges in Indonesia and Malaysia: a comparative historical analysis. Ind. Policy Sustain. Growth 07, 213–241 (2018)
Yan, S.Q., et al.: The convergence characteristics of industrial land use efficiency in China. Resour. Sci. 40(06), 1163–1174 (2018)
Yülek, M.A.: Thinking about a new industrial policy framework for Turkey. In: Turkish Economy, pp. 287–317 (2018)
Zhang, Q.F., et al.: The long-term evolution and policy analysis of regional economic imbalances in China. Jiangxi Soc. Sci. 38(09), 64–73 (2018)
This work was supported by the Anhui Province Social Science Innovation and Development Research Project "Integrated Development Strategy and Major Measures for the Integration of Culture and Tourism in the Yangtze River Delta": [Grant Number 2020CX108].
Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript, and manuscript is approved by all authors for publication.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Tang, R. The impact of integration policies on tourism industry convergence in the Yangtze River Delta: theoretical mechanism and empirical test. Lett Spat Resour Sci 14, 141–167 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12076-021-00270-9
- Tourism industry convergence
- Integration policies
- The Yangtze River Delta
- Club convergence
- Influence mechanism