Hepatology International

, Volume 12, Supplement 1, pp 91–101 | Cite as

Endoscopic treatments for portal hypertension

  • Gin-Ho Lo
Special Issue - Portal Hypertension


Acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage is a dreaded complication of portal hypertension. Its management has evolved rapidly in recent years. Endoscopic therapy is often employed to arrest bleeding varices as well as to prevent early rebleeding. The combination of vasoconstrictor and endoscopic therapy is superior to vasoconstrictor or endoscopic therapy alone for control of acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage. After control of acute variceal bleeding, combination of banding ligation and beta-blockers is generally recommended to prevent variceal rebleeding. To prevent the catastrophic event of acute variceal bleeding, endoscopic banding ligation is an important tool in the prophylaxis of first bleeding. Endoscopic obturation with cyanoacrylate is usually utilized to arrest acute gastric variceal hemorrhage as well as to prevent rebleeding. It can be concluded that endoscopic therapies play a pivotal role in management of portal hypertensive bleeding.


Esophageal varices Sclerotherapy Banding ligation Gastric varices Endoscopic obturation 


Compliance with Ethical Standards


This study was not funded.

Conflict of Interest

Gin-Ho Lo declares that he has no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.


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Copyright information

© Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Research, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, School of Medicine for International StudentsI-Shou UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan

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