During neck surgery; Zuckerkandl’s tubercle, Berry’s ligament, the inferior horn of thyroid cartilages have become crucial anatomical landmarks in order to protect the integrity of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Forty-two male postmortem human cadavers were used. The proximal part of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, before the inferior thyroid artery arises from its source has been observed in 87% inside the tracheoesophageal groove and in 13% running laterally to the trachea. The recurrent laryngeal nerve was encountered passing behind and through the branches of the inferior thyroid artery in 92% and 8% respectively. At all sides; the nerve was piercing the larynx 0.6 ± 0.1 mm below the inferior horn of thyroid cartilage, passing next to the inner-lower side of Berry’s ligament and running under the lower middle part of Zuckerkandl’s tubercle. These landmarks and their upper mentioned distances to the laryngeal nerve can be taken into consideration as important surgical guides.
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Cadavers used in department of anatomy Akdeniz University.
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The study was approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine (Date: 03.09.2014 & No: 347).
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Kastan, O.Z., Ozturk, S., Calguner, E. et al. Relationship of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve with Inferior Horn of Thyroid Cartilage, Berry’s Ligament and Zuckerkandl’s Tubercle. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12070-020-02018-1
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve
- Inferior laryngeal nerve
- Thyroid cartilage
- Berry’s ligament
- Zuckerkandl’s tubercle