Score of Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) Compared to Whisper Test on Presbycusis

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Presbycusis is a sensorineural type of hearing loss caused by a degenerative process of the hearing organ. Examination was done to detect hearing loss, with Audiometry as the diagnostic gold standard and screening with whisper test and using Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly-Screening (HHIE-S) questionnaire. This study was aimed to compare the sensitivity and specificity between Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening questionnaire score and Whisper test in hearing loss of presbycusis patients in Dr. Soetomo Hospital. Subjects were elderly patients in outpatient clinic of Geriatry and Audiology of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Surabaya. Data samples were collected by consecutive sampling. All collected samples were analyzed statistically by Pearson correlation test to identify the correlation between variables. Results: Statistic analysis with Pearson correlation test obtained p-value = 0.001 and correlation coefficient (r) = 0.691 for HHIE-S questionnaire and p = 0.001 and (r) = 0.298 for Whisper test. The sensitivity of the Whisper test was 72.73% while the HHIE-S questionnaire was 61.82%. Both tests had the same specificity of 80%. Conclusions: The Whisper test is more sensitive than HHIE-S questionnaires in detecting hearing loss in presbycusis patients in outpatient clinic of Geriatry and Audiology of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Surabaya.

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  • 12 January 2021

    The article [Score of Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) Compared to Whisper Test on Presbycusis].


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The researchers would like to thank all participants who took part in this study.

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Correspondence to Nyilo Purnami.

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Purnami, N., Mulyaningsih, E.F., Ahadiah, T.H. et al. Score of Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) Compared to Whisper Test on Presbycusis. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (2020).

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  • Hearing loss degree
  • HHIE-S questionnaire score
  • Presbycusis
  • Whisper test