Clinicopathological and Radiological Study of Thyroid Swelling

Abstract

Thyroid swelling is the most common swelling among the endocrine disorder. It can affect any age group. USG neck will help to diagnose the solid and cystic lesions. The treatment is surgical excision. FNAC is a good diagnostic tool to minimize the incidence of thyroidectomy. FNAC is cost effective, reliable and OPD procedure. Final diagnosis can only be made by HPE postoperatively. The aim of this study is to find out the relative occurrence of various pathological conditions presenting as midline thyroid swellings and clinicopathological and radiological examination of the thyroid swellings. A one and half year prospective study which was carried out from October 2016 to April 2018 in ENT department of MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala. Informed written consent was taken from all the patients. A complete clinical, radiological, cytological an HP Examination was done. Total 50 patients were included in the study. Complete clinical data of the patient was gathered from medical records. The maximum number of patients in present study was found in an age group of 31–40 years (34%). There was female predominance with female to male ratio of 7.3:1. Most of the patients belonged to rural background i.e. 42 (84%) patients. Most of the patients present with Left sided neck swelling i.e. 18 (36%) patients. Ultrasound revealed that non neoplastic lesions were present in 44 (88%) patients and 6 (12%) patients had neoplastic lesions. FNAC showed that non neoplastic lesions were present in 38 (76%) patients and 12 (24%) patients had neoplastic lesions. On HPE, non neoplastic and neoplastic lesions were present in 36 (72%) and 14 (28%) patients respectively. Colloid goiter was the most common among the non neoplastic lesions in 29 (58%) patients. Papillary carcinoma was the most common malignant disease in 4 (8%) patients. Thyroid swelling was most commonly seen during the 3rd and 4th decade of life, with a female preponderance. Most common benign thyroid swelling is Colloid goiter and papillary carcinoma was the most common malignant disease. Histopathology is considered as a gold standard.

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Correspondence to Nitish Baisakhiya.

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Chaudhary, M., Baisakhiya, N. & Singh, G. Clinicopathological and Radiological Study of Thyroid Swelling. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 71, 893–904 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12070-019-01616-y

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Keywords

  • Thyroid swelling
  • Thyroidectomy
  • FNAC
  • Bethesda classification
  • USG
  • TIRAD