Facial Nerve Palsy: An Unusual Presentation in Patients with Rhino Cerebral Mucormycosis

Abstract

The aim of this study is to highlight involvement of facial nerve as a presenting symptom in rhino cerebral mucormycosis. A retrospective longitudinal study was carried out for a period of 1 year from May 2017 to May 2018 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Kolhapur. The usual presentation include nasal stuffiness, headache, eye pain and orbital swelling, ophthalmoplegia and visual loss. However we had four patients who presented to our OPD with facial nerve palsy and rhino cerebral mucormycosis. All four patients were diabetic. The available clinical and laboratory data was retrospectively collected and analyzed. Facial nerve palsy is an unusual but significant sign in presentation of mucormycosis. It could be misdiagnosed as CVA with subsequent delay in the treatment. A high index of suspicion for mucormycosis in diabetic patients presenting with facial palsy will be helpful in achieving early and accurate diagnosis with prompt management and better outcome.

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Correspondence to Rajashri Mane.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee.

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Mane, R., Patil, B., Mohite, A. et al. Facial Nerve Palsy: An Unusual Presentation in Patients with Rhino Cerebral Mucormycosis. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 71, 2110–2113 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1530-1

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Keywords

  • Rhino cerebral mucormycosis
  • Mucormycosis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Complications of diabetes