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Long Term Outcomes of Intratympanic Dexamethasone in Intractable Unilateral Meniere’s Disease

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To evaluate the long term effect of Intratympanic dexamethasone in intractable Meniere’s disease. 30 patients with refractory Meniere’s disease which did not respond to the standard medical management, were treated with Intratympanic dexamethasone injections. Post treatment hearing outcome and dizziness scores were compared with the pretreatment values respectively. The mean dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) score was reduced from 91.58 (range 80–100) to be 31.00 (p = 0.00) at 3 months of treatment. With the successive follow-up periods, the mean DHI scores were reduced to 51.50, 46.6, and 50.90 at the end of, 6, 12, and 24 months (p = 0.04, 0.35, and 0.49 respectively). Again at the end of 24 months, 23.80% of patients were free of vertigo (p = 0.01). No patient had improvement in the hearing (> 10 dB) in any of the follow-up periods and 6.6% demonstrated deterioration in hearing. There were no major intraoperative or postoperative complications detected. Intratympanic injection of steroid is a safe and effective method for treating intractable Meniere’s disease. Although short term improvement in the vertigo is well documented, still in 23% of the patients were found to be free of vertigo at even the end of 24 months. There was no significant improvement in hearing noticed, either in short term or in long term.

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Correspondence to Pradeep Pradhan.

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Pradhan, P., Lal, P. & Sen, K. Long Term Outcomes of Intratympanic Dexamethasone in Intractable Unilateral Meniere’s Disease. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 71 (Suppl 2), 1369–1373 (2019).

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