The current study provides the most recent information about the prevalence of passive suicidal ideation among European older adults and potential risk factors associated with passive suicidal ideation. This study used a cross-sectional analysis using data sampled from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 7; data were collected in 2017. The study sample consisted of 4,378 older adults aged between 65 and 100 years (mean = 74.82 years, SD = 7.33) from 12 European countries. Risk factors included socio-demographic variables, health conditions, subjective well-being, and psychological distress. The dependent variable was passive suicidal ideation. Data were analyzed using binary logistic regression. The highest rates of passive suicidal ideation were observed in those who were female, younger, married, and living in rural areas. Older adults who reported poor health, more limitations in daily activities, and a greater level of depression and loneliness tended to experience passive suicidal ideation; older adults who reported a higher level of life satisfaction and material living, had more children, and engaged in frequent physical activities were less likely to report passive suicidal ideation. In order to diminish the likelihood of suicidal thoughts, national- and state-level policies should integrate psychological and behavioral interventions in elderly care practice to help older adults cope with psychological distress and health problems. Local governments should increase suicide awareness, foster local support groups, and promote suicide prevention/intervention programs for older adults with passive suicide ideation or those who seek help.
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This paper uses data from SHARE Wave 7 (DOIs: https://doi.org/10.6103/SHARE.w7.711); see Börsch-Supan et al. (2013) for methodological details. The SHARE data collection has been funded by the European Commission through FP5 (QLK6-CT-2001-00360), FP6 (SHARE-I3: RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE: CIT5-CT-2005-028857, SHARELIFE: CIT4-CT-2006-028812), FP7 (SHARE-PREP: GA N°211909, SHARE-LEAP: GA N°227822, SHARE M4: GA N°261982, DASISH: GA N°283646) and Horizon 2020 (SHARE-DEV3: GA N°676536, SHARE-COHESION: GA N°870628, SERISS: GA N°654221, SSHOC: GA N°823782) and by DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion. Additional funding from the German Ministry of Education and Research, the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, the U.S. National Institute on Aging (U01_AG09740-13S2, P01_AG005842, P01_AG08291, P30_AG12815, R21_AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG_BSR06-11, OGHA_04-064, HHSN271201300071C) and from various national funding sources is gratefully acknowledged (see www.share-project.org).
This research was funded by Primus Research Programme at Charles University [Primus/19/HUM/12]. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.
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Lee, S. Passive Suicidal Ideation in Older Adults from 12 European Countries. Population Ageing 16, 137–154 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12062-021-09350-6