Determinants of Work Decisions among Older People in Rural Vietnam
- 170 Downloads
This paper aimed to identify determinants of work decision among older people living in rural Vietnam. We applied a probit regression model with the nationally representative data from Vietnam Aging Survey (VNAS) in 2011. The results show that age, heath status, marital status, number of members aged under 15 and retirement and/or social allowance receipt had markedly impacts on rural older people’s decision to work. Surprisingly, neither educational level nor ethnicity of rural older people had any significant influence on their work decision. Based on these findings, we suggested some policy recommendations to facilitate older people’s work as well as secure their income.
KeywordsAging Labor force Older people Public policy Vietnam
We would like to thank Ms. Nguyen Nhu Thu Hoai, a policy specialist at the Vietnam Development Bank, for her insightful comments and excellent research assistance.
We are thankful to Nguyen Thi Hai Yen (Institute of Public Policy and Management, NEU) for excellent administrative support.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under the grant number II6.2–2013.01.
- Evans, M., Gough, I., Harkness, S., McKay, A., Dao, T. H. & Do, L. T. N. (2007). “The Relationship between Old Age and Poverty in Viet Nam”. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Viet Nam Policy Dialogue Paper No. 2007-08. Hanoi: UNDP Viet Nam.Google Scholar
- General Statistics Office, Vietnam (GSO) (2007). Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey 2006: Main Findings. Hanoi: GSOGoogle Scholar
- Giang, T. L. & Le, T. L. (2015). Determinants of Labor Force Participation of Older People in Vietnam. Journal of Economics and Development, 17(2), 28–52.Google Scholar
- Giang T.L. and W. D. Pfau (2007). The older population in Vietnam during economic transformation: an overview. In Giang, T. L., and Duong, K. H. (eds.) Social issues under economic transformation and integration in Vietnam, 1, 185–210.Google Scholar
- Giang T. L. and W. D. Pfau (2010). A gender perspective on elderly work in Vietnam. Munich personal RePEc archive paper No. 24946.Google Scholar
- GSO (2016, forthcoming). Population projections for Vietnam in the period 2014–2049. Hanoi: GSO.Google Scholar
- Haider S., & David Loughran (2001). Elderly labor supply: work or play? Labor and population program. Working paper series 01–09. Access http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/drafts/2008/DRU2582.pdf, 5 March 2014.
- Kalwij A., & Frederic Vermeulen (2005). “Labour force participation of the Elderly in Europe: The importance of being healthy”. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1887.Google Scholar
- Pang L., A. de Brauw and S. Rozelle (2004). “Working until dropping: Employment behavior of the Elderly in Rural China”. Access http://web.williams.edu/Economics/wp/debrauwrozelle_cj_elderly.pdf, 5 March 2014.
- UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) (2014). Expansion of pension coverage to informal sector: International experiences and options for Vietnam”. Hanoi: UNFPA & ILO.Google Scholar
- UNFPA (2011). The Aging Population in Vietnam: Current Status, Prognosis, and Possible Policy Response. Hanoi: UNFPA.Google Scholar
- UNFPA and HelpAge International (2012). Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: A Celeration and A Challenge. UNFPA (New York) and HelpAge International (London).Google Scholar
- United Nations - UN (2013). World population prospects: the 2012 revision. Google Scholar
- Vietnam Women Union (VWU) (2012). Vietnam aging survey (VNAS) 2011: key findings. Hanoi: Women Publishing House.Google Scholar