Internal Migration in the United Kingdom: Analysis of an Estimated Inter-District Time Series, 2001–2011
- 759 Downloads
This paper examines how internal migration between local authority districts within the United Kingdom has evolved during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Based on estimates derived from data assembled from a range of sources, the paper demonstrates the extent of decline in the longstanding pattern of net migration from urban to rural regions, driven to a large extent by the fall in the intensity of migration from urban to rural areas, and the reversal of the south to north net migration pattern due to the increase in moves from urban north to urban south.
KeywordsInternal migration Districts United Kingdom Net migration Urban-rural North-south
Nik Lomax is grateful for funding from the Economic and Social Research Council for his CASE studentship in partnership with the Office for National Statistics. We are grateful to staff in each of the national statistical agencies for providing data upon which the migration estimates are based.
- Bell, M., & Muhidin, S. (2009). Cross-national comparisons of internal migration. Human development research paper 2009/30. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2009/papers/HDRP_2009_30.pdf. Accessed 5 October 2013.
- Bosworth, G. (2006). Counterurbanisation and job creation: entrepreneurial in-migration and rural economic development. Centre for rural economy discussion Paper Series, 4.Google Scholar
- Champion, T. (1989a). Counterurbanisation: The changing pace and nature of population deconcentration. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
- Champion, T. (1989b). Internal migration and the spatial distribution of population. In H. Joshi (Ed.), The changing population of Britain (pp. 110–132). Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Champion, T. (1989c). United Kingdom: Population decentralisation as a cyclic phenomenon. In T. Champion (Ed.), Counterurbanization: The changing pace and nature of population deconcentration (pp. 83–102). London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
- Champion, T. (2005). Population movement within the UK. In R. Chappell (Ed.), Focus on people and migration (pp. 92–114). Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Champion, T., & Townsend, A. (1994). Contemporary Britain: A geographical perspective. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Champion, T., Coombes, M., & Gordon, I. (2013). How far do England’s second-order cities emulate London as human-capital ‘escalators’? Population, space and place, forthcoming.Google Scholar
- Cross, D. (1990). Counterurbanization in England and Wales. Aldershot: Gower Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
- Dennett, A., & Stillwell, J. (2010). Internal migration in Britain, 2000-01, examined through an area classification framework. Population Space and Place, 16(6), 517–538.Google Scholar
- Dorling, D. (2007). The north-south divide - where is the line? http://www.sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/maps/nsdivide/index.html. Accessed 5 November 2013.
- Fielding, T. (1992). Migration and social mobility: South East England as an escalator region. Regional Studies, 26(1), 1–15Google Scholar
- Kennett, S. (1980). Migration within and between the metropolitan economic labour areas of Britain, 1966–1971. In J. Hobcraft & P. Rees (Eds.), Regional Demographic Development (pp. 165–185). London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
- Kilpatrick, S., Johns, S., Vitartas, P., & Homisan, M. (2011). In-migration as opportunity for rural development. Planning Theory & Practice, 12(4), 625–629.Google Scholar
- National Statistics (2006). Report of the Inter-Departmental Task Force on Migration Statistics. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/about/data/methodology/specific/population/future/imps/updates/downloads/TaskForceReport151206.pdf. Accessed 5 November 2013.
- Newton, A. (2009). Joining it all up. In P. Hackett (Ed.), Regeneration in a downturn: What needs to change? (pp. 27–34). London: The Smith Institute.Google Scholar
- ONS (2011). Population estimates for local authorities across UK constituent countries: a comparison of data sources and methods. www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/method-quality/specific/population-and-migration/pop-ests/population-estimates-for-las/population-estimates-for-local-authorities-across-uk-constituent-countries.pdf. Accessed 5 November 2013.
- Owen, D., & Green, A. (1992). Migration patterns and trends. In T. Champion & T. Fielding (Eds.), Migration processes & patterns: Research progress & prospects (Vol. 1, pp. 17–40). London: Belhaven Press.Google Scholar
- Rees, P., & Kupiszewski, M. (1999). Internal migration and regional population dynamics in Europe: A synthesis. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.Google Scholar
- Rees, P., Durham, H., & Kupiszewski, M. (1996). Internal migration and regional population dynamics in Europe: United Kingdom case study. School of Geography, University of Leeds Working Paper 96/20.Google Scholar
- Stillwell, J. (2013). Internal migration, ethnic groups in the UK. In I. Ness (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of global human migration: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.Google Scholar
- Stillwell, J., & Duke-Williams, O. (2007). Understanding the 2001 Census interaction data: the impact of small cell adjustment and the problem of comparison with 1991. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A (General), 170(2), 1–21.Google Scholar
- Stillwell, J., Rees, P., & Boden, P. (1992). Internal migration trends: an overview. In J. Stillwell, P. Rees, & P. Boden (Eds.), Migration processes & patterns volume 2. Population redistribution in the United Kingdom (Vol. 2, pp. 28–55). London: Belhaven Press.Google Scholar