Pediatric chylothorax—lymphatic imaging enables targeted surgical treatment

  • Simon KarglEmail author
  • Beate Maier-Hiebl
Case Report


Chylothorax—the collection of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space—is a rare finding in otherwise healthy adolescents. Initially, clinical signs and symptoms are often non-specific and a wide range of underlying causes necessitates extensive diagnostic workup. Treatment options include dietary measures, medical treatment, and various surgical procedures. We report about a 12-year-old boy with accidental diagnosis of chylothorax. Lymphatic imaging led to visualization of a leakage of an accessory left-sided thoracic duct and thoracoscopic clipping was successfully performed. Lymphatic imaging procedures depict underlying causes of chylothorax allowing targeted therapeutic management.


Chylothorax Pediatric Lymphatic imaging 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgeons 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryKepler University Hospital LinzLinzAustria
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric RadiologyKepler University Hospital LinzLinzAustria

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