Energy Efficiency

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 937–954 | Cite as

Usage behaviour and related energy consumption of European consumers for washing and drying

  • Angelika Schmitz
  • Rainer StammingerEmail author
Original Article


Laundry washing has been extensively studied; laundry drying has been much less investigated. Nevertheless, there are indications that the drying process takes considerably more energy than the washing process. It is, therefore, the task of this study to gather European-wide consumer behaviour on washing and drying practices and to use this knowledge to estimate the energy consumption for the washing and drying processes. With an online questionnaire answered by over 2,000 households, the washing and drying behaviour of European consumers is analysed. The results also confirm the relevance of the drying process’ energy consumption for countries where the drying is normally seen as ‘done by the sun’!


Laundry Washing Drying Consumer Behaviour Energy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Household and Appliance Technology Section, Institute of Agriculture EngineeringUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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