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Experimental investigation of cutting parameters influence on surface roughness and cutting forces in hard turning of X38CrMoV5-1 with CBN tool

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This experimental investigation was conducted to determine the effects of cutting conditions on surface roughness and cutting forces in hard turning of X38CrMoV5-1. This steel was hardened at 50 HRC and machined with CBN tool. This is employed for the manufacture of helicopter rotor blades and forging dies. Combined effects of three cutting parameters, namely cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut, on the six performance outputs-surface roughness parameters and cutting force components, are explored by analysis of variance (ANOVA). Optimal cutting conditions for each performance level are established. The relationship between the variables and the technological parameters is determined through the response surface methodology (RSM), using a quadratic regression model. Results show how much surface roughness is mainly influenced by feed rate and cutting speed. The depth of cut exhibits maximum influence on cutting force components as compared to the feed rate and cutting speed.

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The authors would like to thank the Algerian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS) and the Delegated Ministry for Scientific Research (MDRS) for granting financial support for CNEPRU Research Project – LMS : n° : 0301520090008 (University 08 May 1945 Guelma).

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Correspondence to H AOUICI.



  • ap   Depth of cut, mm.

  • f   Feed rate, mm/rev.

  • Fa   Feed force, N.

  • Fr   Thurst force, N.

  • Fv   Tangential force, N.

  • H   Workpiece hardness.

  • HRC   Rockwell hardness.

  • Ra   Surface roughness, \(\upmu \)m.

  • Rt   Total roughness, \(\upmu \)m.

  • Rz   Mean depth of roughness, \(\upmu \)m.

  • Vc   Cutting speed, m/min.

  • α   Clearance angle, degree.

  • γ   Rake angle, degree.

  • λ   Inclination angle, degree.

  • χ   Major cutting edge angle, degree.

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AOUICI, H., YALLESE, M.A., BELBAH, A. et al. Experimental investigation of cutting parameters influence on surface roughness and cutting forces in hard turning of X38CrMoV5-1 with CBN tool. Sadhana 38, 429–445 (2013).

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