Structural, electronic, elastic and magnetic properties of heavier \(\hbox {REIr}_{3}\) (RE \(=\) Gd, Tb and Ho) intermetallic compounds

Abstract

We present results on the bonding nature, structural, electronic, magnetic and elastic properties of \(\hbox {REIr}_{3}\) (RE \(=\) Gd, Tb and Ho) intermetallic compounds adopting simple cubic \(\hbox {AuCu}_{3}\)-type structure obtained using the full-potential linearlised augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method based on density functional theory. The local spin density approximation (LSDA) with Hubbard parameter (LSDA \(+\,U\)) has been used for exchange and correlation effects to get accurate results because of the presence of highly localised 4f electrons of rare-earth (RE) (RE \(=\) Gd, Tb and Ho) atoms. The calculated lattice parameter is found to be consistent with the experimental results. The calculated magnetic moments predict ferromagnetic behaviour of these compounds. The electronic and bonding properties have been solved in terms of band structure, density of states (DOS) and charge density plots. These results confirm the metallic nature of these compounds. The bonding appearances of these compounds have also been interpreted from charge density plots. The elastic constants, shear modulus and Cauchy’s pressure are computed and they reveal that \(\hbox {GdIr}_{3}\) and \(\hbox {TbIr}_{3}\) compounds are ductile while \(\hbox {HoIr}_{3}\) shows brittle character.

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Acknowledgements

The author (PS) is thankful to Barkatullah University for the financial assistance.

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Correspondence to Pushplata Shukla.

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Shukla, P., Singh, S. Structural, electronic, elastic and magnetic properties of heavier \(\hbox {REIr}_{3}\) (RE \(=\) Gd, Tb and Ho) intermetallic compounds. Pramana - J Phys 94, 42 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-019-1909-x

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Keywords

  • Rare-earth transition metal compounds
  • spin polarisation
  • Hubbard parameter
  • structural, electronic and elastic properties

PACS Nos

  • 71.20.Eh
  • 75.90.+w
  • 71.10.Fd
  • 71.20.−b
  • 31.15.E−