Tropical Plant Biology

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 39–72 | Cite as

Cassava Production and Pest Management: Present and Potential Threats in a Changing Environment

  • Anthony BellottiEmail author
  • Beatriz Vanessa Herrera Campo
  • Glenn Hyman


Cassava is attacked by a complex of arthropod pests across the tropical regions of the world where the crop is grown. Root yield losses have been recorded for several pests, including mites, mealybugs, whiteflies, hornworm, lacebugs, thrips and burrower bugs. Agronomic characteristics such as vegetative propagation, a long growth cycle, drought tolerance, staggered planting dates and intercropping contribute to the considerable diversity of pests that feed on the crop. The dynamics of cassava production are evolving as trends in the food, feed and industrial starch sector are leading to an increased demand for high quality starches. The resulting shift to larger scale production units, expansion of cultivated area and modifications in crop management combined with the effects of climate change, especially warmer temperatures and altered rainfall patterns, affect the occurrence and dynamics of arthropod pests in cassava agro ecosystems. Data is presented to describe the effects of temperature and dry seasons on key pest species. Whiteflies, mites and mealybugs register a suitability increase in the same areas in South America: Northeastern Brazil, Northern Argentina, South-Central Bolivia, and Southwest Peru. In Africa increases are projected in Southeast Africa and Madagascar. In Asia, regions with greater projected suitability for these pest species are Coastal India and Southeast Asia. Future trends and important criteria that will influence the severity and management of key pests are discussed.


Cassava arthropod pests Mites Mealybugs Whiteflies Hornworms Climate change Bioecology Pest management Pest distribution Weighted overlay 



Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research-Bergen Climate Model


Cassava Brown Streak Disease


Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis


Cassava Green Mites


International Center for Tropical Agriculture


Cassava Mosaic Disease


Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Mandioca e Fruticultura (National Cassava & Fruits Research Center)


Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques


Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research


Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation


Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation)


Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory


Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA)


Host Plant Resistance


Institute of Atmospheric Physics


International Institute of Biological Control


International Institute for Tropical Agriculture


Integrated Pest Management


Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development


Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate


Meteorological Institute of the University of Bonn


Max Planck Institute for Meteorology


Meteorological Research Institute


National Center for Atmospheric Research-Parallel Climate Model


National Institute for Environmental Studies


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Bellotti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Beatriz Vanessa Herrera Campo
    • 1
  • Glenn Hyman
    • 1
  1. 1.International Center for Tropical AgricultureCaliColombia

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