Synoptic patterns leading to hailstorm in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Iran

  • Bromand Salahi
  • Ahmad Nohegar
  • Mahmoud Behrouzi
  • Mehdi Aalijahan


The purpose of this study was to extract the synoptic patterns of 500 mb geopotential height and the sea level pressure leading to form hail in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Iran. To this end, at first, we explored hail occurrence in different areas of the province under investigation. Then, using sea level pressure and 500 mb geopotential height data, the patterns of hail occurrence were investigated through hierarchical clustering and Ward’s method. The level of 500 mb patterns resulting in hail formation in the area include: (1) settlement of a cut-off low pressure blocking in Turkey and Iran’s position in downstream of trough and injection of humidity coming from the Red Sea; (2) settlement of low ridge in northern Europe and Iran lying in downstream of the trough and injection of humidity of the Mediterranean Sea; (3) settlement of a cut-off low pressure in east of Europe and Iran lying in downstream of the trough; and (4) settlement of a deep trough in the Mediterranean Sea, formation of an omega-shaped blocking in Northern Europe and Iran lying in downstream of the trough. At sea level, the following patterns have caused hail formation in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province: (1) settlement of low pressure in Iran and Russia accompanying high pressure in Taklimakan Desert and east of Europe; (2) settlement of low pressure in Iran and high pressure in Egypt, northern Europe, and Taklimakan Desert; and (3) settlement of low pressure in Iran, Saudi Arabia and south of Italy and high pressure in Egypt and Siberia.


Synoptic patterns hierarchical clustering hail Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province 



The authors would like to thank Dr Vali Mohammadi, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran, for his kind and valuable help in preparing the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bromand Salahi
    • 1
  • Ahmad Nohegar
    • 2
  • Mahmoud Behrouzi
    • 3
  • Mehdi Aalijahan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical GeographyUniversity of Mohaghegh ArdabiliArdabilIran
  2. 2.Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Institute of GrapeUniversity of MalayerMalayerIran

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