Lithologic boundaries from gravity and magnetic anomalies over Proterozoic Dalma volcanics

  • Pramod Kumar Yadav
  • P K Adhikari
  • Shalivahan Srivastava
  • Ved P Maurya
  • Anurag Tripathi
  • Shailendra Singh
  • Roshan K Singh
  • Ashish K Bage


Dalma volcanics (DVs) has intruded the older Singhbhum Group of Metapelites. Despite DVs being rich in mineralisation, its boundaries are not clearly demarcated. Gravity and magnetic surveys have been attempted for mapping the boundaries in DVs. These surveys were made in the northern fringe of the DVs over an area of \(\sim \)0.70 \(\hbox {km}^{2}\) along 13 parallel lines at 50 m spacing. The data was acquired at \(\sim \)25 \(\hbox {m}\) spacing. The surveys were taken for determination of lithological boundaries, depths and nature of causative source using Euler depth solutions and radially averaged power spectrum (RAPS). Residual anomaly maps of gravity and magnetic intensity show the same trend as that of Bouguer gravity anomaly and total magnetic intensity anomaly map indicating towards shallow sources. The magnetic map in general follows the same pattern as that of gravity anomaly maps. The map shows coincident high gravity and magnetic anomalies. These anomalies together with resistivity signatures confirm that the northern fringe of DVs hosts volcanogenic massive sulphide settings. The Euler depth solution delineated the lateral boundaries and nature of the source. It seems that the source is of spherical nature lying within a depth range of 25–40 m. The obtained lithological (vertical) units from RAPS are between Lower DVs, Upper DVs and Singhbhum Group Metapelites at depths of \(\sim \)15, \(~\sim \)25 and \(\sim \)40 \(\hbox {m}\), respectively. The metallogeny is associated with the Upper DVs and the corresponding delineated lithological (vertical) unit is indicative of the top of the ore body. Good agreement is observed with the geological succession from the drilling data and resistivity data. The findings suggest that the northern fringe of DVs could be a preferred target for drilling.


Lithological boundaries 1 VMS 2 gravity and magnetic 3 



The authors thank the University Grants Commission and Department of Science and Technology as well as the Indian School of Mines for financial support. Authors are also thankful to the anonymous reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pramod Kumar Yadav
    • 1
  • P K Adhikari
    • 2
  • Shalivahan Srivastava
    • 3
  • Ved P Maurya
    • 4
  • Anurag Tripathi
    • 1
  • Shailendra Singh
    • 6
  • Roshan K Singh
    • 3
  • Ashish K Bage
    • 5
  1. 1.Geological survey of IndiaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Uranium Corporation of India LimitedJaduguda, East SinghbhumIndia
  3. 3.Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Applied GeophysicsIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia
  4. 4.Observatório NacionalRio de JaneiroBrazil
  5. 5.Formerly at Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Applied GeophysicsIndian School of MinesDhanbadIndia
  6. 6.Geological survey of IndiaHyderabadIndia

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