Effect of basalt, silica sand and fly ash on the mechanical properties of quaternary polymer concretes

  • M Hassani Niaki
  • A Fereidoon
  • M Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari


The aim of this study is to manufacture quaternary polymer concretes (PCs) and optimize the weight percentages of the epoxy resin, ultrafine fly ash, silica sand and basalt aggregates. For this, we first manufactured binary PCs of epoxy/basalt, epoxy/silica sand and epoxy/fly ash and then studied the mechanical properties such as compressive, flexural and splitting tensile strength. The mixture design method was used as an approach for design of experiment to reduce the number of tests and optimize the mechanical strength of the PC. The best weight percentages of the PC components were 25 (epoxy), 5 (fly ash), 52.5 (silica sand) and 17.5 (basalt). The compressive, flexural and splitting tensile strength of the quaternary PC were equal to 94.1, 39.0 and 11.8, which were 3.76, 11.1 and 6.5 times higher than those of ordinary Portland cement, respectively. Finally, a scanning electron microscopy test was implemented to study the microstructure of the PC.


Polymer concrete mechanical strength mixture design fly ash silica sand basalt 


  1. 1.
    Aleem M I A and Arumairaj P D 2012 Int. J. Eng. Sci. Emerg. Technol. 1 118Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bedi R, Chandra R and Singh S P 2013 J. Compos. 2013 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Reis J M and Ferreira A J 2004 Constr. Build. Mater. 18 523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elalaoui O, Ghorbel E, Mignot V and Ben Ouezdou M 2012 Constr. Build. Mater. 27 415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shokrieh M M, Kefayati A R and Chitsazzadeh M 2012 Mater. Des. 40 443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harja M and Arbut M B 2008 Bulletin Polytechnic Institute of Jassy–Constr. Archit Section 1Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M and Fereidoon A 2015 Mater. Chem. Phys. 151 112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Reis J M L, Moreira D C, Nunes L C S and Sphaier L A 2011 Mater. Sci. Eng. A 528 6085Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferreira A J M, Marques A T, Ribeiro M C S and Nóvoa P R 2004 Cem. Concr. Compos. 26 803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Haddad H and Al Kobaisi M 2012 Compos. Part B Eng. 43 3061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rebeiz K S 1995 Cem. Concr. Compos. 17 119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mani P, Gupta A K and Krishnamoorthy S 1987 Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 7 157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yu R, Spiesz P and Brouwers H J H 2014 Constr. Build. Mater. 65 140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Agavriloaie L, Oprea S, Barbuta M and Luca F 2012 Constr. Build. Mater. 37 190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wahab A, Kumar B D, Bhaskar M and Kumar S V 2013 Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res. 4 5Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Al-Baijat H M 2008 Jordan J. Civil Eng. 2 63Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Barbuta M, Harja M and Baran I 2010 J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 22 696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rivera F, Martínez P, Castro J and López M 2015 Cem. Concr. Compos. 63 104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gorninski J P, Dal Molin D C and Kazmierczak C S 2004 Cem. Concr. Res. 34 2091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lokuge W and Aravinthan T 2013 Mater. Des. 51 175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Prasad Yadav T, Manohar Yadav R and Pratap Singh D 2012 Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2 22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tudjono S, Purwanto and Apsari K T 2014 Procedia Eng. 95 426Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ASTM S.T. Method 2014 C 39/C 39M ASTM Int. 1 4Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    ASTM S.T. Method 2011 C 580 ASTM Int. 2 1Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ary Subagia I D G and Kim Y 2013 J. Mech. Sci. Technol. 27 987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gerges N N, Issa C A and Fawaz S 2015 Case Stud. Constr. Mater. 3 83Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ibrahim M H W, Hamzah A F, Jamaluddin N, Ramadhansyah P J and Fadzil A M 2015 Procedia—Soc. Behav. Sci. 195 2280Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    ASTM S.T. Method 1996 C 496/C 496M ASTM Int. 4 1Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hassani Niaki M, Fereidoon A and Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari M 2017 Struct. Concrete 2017 1Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Arnold S F 2012 Design of Experiments with MINITAB Am. Stat. 60 205Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jamshidi M and Pourkhorshidi A R 2010 Asian J. Civil Eng. 11 421Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M Hassani Niaki
    • 1
  • A Fereidoon
    • 1
  • M Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSemnan UniversitySemnanIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran

Personalised recommendations