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Synthesis and characterization of ZnO nanostructures with varying morphology

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Abstract

Uniform fine particles of zinc oxide were prepared in three different morphologies and sizes by the controlled precipitation process from aqueous solutions of zinc nitrate in the presence of ethylene glycol. Ammonium hydroxide solution was used as the precipitant. Composition of the reactant solution, pH and temperature significantly affected the particle uniformity with respect to shape and size. Uniformity in the particles morphological feature was achieved under a narrow set of experimental conditions. pH of the reactant solutions and isoelectric point of zinc oxide were considered the master variables, controlling the particle size. One of the batch of the as-prepared zinc oxide particles was calcined at \(750{^{\circ }}\hbox {C}\), which increased its crystallinity, changed its various lattice parameters, Zn–O bond length and preferred orientation of the crystal hkl planes. Calcination had little effect on the original morphology of the zinc oxide particles.

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Acknowledgements

We are thankful to the National Centre of Excellence in Physical Chemistry, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25120, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, for facilitating this work.

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Correspondence to Khalida Akhtar.

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Akhtar, K., Zubair, N., Ikram, S. et al. Synthesis and characterization of ZnO nanostructures with varying morphology. Bull Mater Sci 40, 459–466 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-017-1386-0

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Keywords

  • Zinc oxide
  • uniform particles
  • precipitation
  • preferred orientation
  • texture coefficient