Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 585–590 | Cite as

Graphene composites containing chemically bonded metal oxides

  • A GOVINDARAJEmail author


Composites of graphene involving chemically bonded nano films of metal oxides have been prepared by reacting graphene containing surface oxygen functionalities with metal halide vapours followed by exposure to water vapour. The composites have been characterized by electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and other techniques. Magnetite particles chemically bonded to graphene dispersible in various solvents have been prepared and they exhibit fairly high magnetization.


Composites oxides thin films electron microscopy magnetic properties 



We thank Prof. C N R Rao for suggesting the problem and guidance.


  1. Cao H, Li B, Zhang J, Lian F, Kong X and Qu M 2012 J. Mater. Chem. 22 9759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Coleman J N et al 2011 Science 331568Google Scholar
  3. Geim A K and Novoselov K S 2007 Nat. Mater. 6 183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gomathi A, Vivekchand S R C, Govindaraj A and Rao C N R 2005 Adv. Mater. 17 2757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hu W, Li L, Tong W and Li G 2010 Chem. Commun. 46 3113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hummers W S and Offeman R E 1958 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 1339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kamegawa T, Suzuki N and Yamashita H 2011 Energy Environ. Sci. 4 1411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li B, Cao H, Shao J, Qu M and Warner J H 2011 J. Mater. Chem. 21 5069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Matte H S S R, Gomathi A, Manna A K, Late D J, Datta R, Pati S K and Rao C N R 2010 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49 4059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Miyauchi M, Nakajima A, Watanabe T and Hashimoto K 2002 Chem. Mater. 14 2812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Novoselov K S, Geim A K, Morozov S V, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos S V and Grigorieva I V 2004 Science 306 666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Novoselov K S, Jiang D, Schedin F, Booth T J, Khotkevich V V, Morozov S V and Geim A K 2005 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 10451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rao C N R and Sood A K 2013 (eds) Graphene (Weinheim: Wiley-VCH)Google Scholar
  14. Rao C N R, Sood A K, Subrahmanyam K S and Govindaraj A 2009 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 48 7752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wang X, Tabakman S M and Dai H 2008 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 8152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zhang H, Lv X, Li Y, Wang Y and Li J 2010 ACS Nano. 4 380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zhang F, Jin J, Zhong X, Li S, Niu J, Li R and Ma J 2011 Green Chem. 13 1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.New Chemistry Unit, Chemistry and Physics of Materials UnitInternational Centre for Materials Science, CSIR Centre of Excellence in Chemistry and Sheik Saqr Laboratory, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific ResearchBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Solid State and Structural Chemistry UnitIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations