Because the number of cytotoxic agents available for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is limited, rechallenge with the same chemotherapy agents can provide a continuum of treatment. This study investigated the efficacy and feasibility of oxaliplatin rechallenge in mCRC patients who had been previously exposed to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Patients were included if they had mCRC and evaluable disease, had remained disease-free or progression-free for at least 6 months after the last dose of prior oxaliplatin-based therapy, and were retreated with oxaliplatin therapy. Between January 2009 and May 2014, 110 patients were retreated with oxaliplatin-based regimens; of these, 42 (38.2%) had received prior oxaliplatin as adjuvant chemotherapy and 68 (61.8%) as palliative chemotherapy. The overall response rate to oxaliplatin rechallenge was 30.9% (34/110), and the disease control rate was 68.2% (75/110), with one patient achieving complete response, 33 achieving partial response, and 41 having stable disease. Median progression-free survival and overall survival following oxaliplatin rechallenge were 5.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.4–7.4 months) and 18.5 months (95% CI, 14.0–23.0 months), respectively. Sixteen patients experienced grade 2 or 3 neuropathy. Ten patients experienced any grade hypersensitivity reaction within four cycles of treatment, including six who stopped treatment due to grade 3 or 4 hypersensitivity reactions. Rechallenge with oxaliplatin-based therapy may be an option for patients who achieve at least 6 months of disease-free or progression-free survival with prior oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. However, neurotoxicity and hypersensitivity reactions should be carefully monitored in this setting.
Metastatic colon cancer Oxaliplatin Rechallenge Chemotherapy
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This study was supported by Grant 2015-1083 from the Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants include in the study.
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