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Medical Oncology

, 33:98 | Cite as

Profiling gene mutations, translocations, and multidrug resistance in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a step forward to personalizing medicine

  • Alphy Rose-James
  • R. Shiji
  • P. Kusumakumary
  • Manjusha Nair
  • Suraj K. George
  • T. T. SreelekhaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Precise risk stratification and tailored therapy in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) can lead to enhanced survival rates among children. Translocations and mutations along with multidrug resistance markers are important factors that determine therapeutic efficacy. Gene mutation profiling of patients at the time of diagnosis can offer accurate clinical decision-making. Multiplex PCR was used to screen for various translocations, mutations, and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) status in pediatric ALL samples. The roles of P-gp were analyzed at the transcriptional and translational levels by using real-time PCR and immunoblotting, respectively. ALL specific cell line Jurkat was used to validate the functional role of P-gp in imparting drug resistance by siRNA knockdown studies. Co-occurrence of translocations and mutations contributes to cellular drug resistance. Presence of any translocation in addition to FLT3/ITD hints for overactive P-gp. Co-occurrence of E2A/PBX and TEL/AML has also been positively correlated with P-gp status. Multiplex PCR provides a rapid and cost effective technique for profiling translocations, mutations, and multidrug resistance status that determines what therapy patients could be administered. Mutation profiling in patients for analyzing genetic lesions along with drug resistance profiling will help improve risk stratification and personalized medicine, thereby increasing the treatment success rates among pediatric patients with leukemia.

Keywords

Mutation analysis Translocation Acute lymphoblastic leukemia P-gp Multiplex PCR 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment for financial support for the work (No. 013/SRSHS/2013/CSTE DATED 11/04/2014) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for the Junior Research Fellowship (No: 09/553(0021)/2010-EMR-1 dated 22/12/2010).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alphy Rose-James
    • 1
  • R. Shiji
    • 1
  • P. Kusumakumary
    • 2
  • Manjusha Nair
    • 2
  • Suraj K. George
    • 3
  • T. T. Sreelekha
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biopharmaceuticals, Division of Cancer ResearchRegional Cancer CentreTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric OncologyRegional Cancer CentreTrivandrumIndia
  3. 3.Department of HematopathologyUT MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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